It is a 1st class municipality of the province of Tarlac in the Philippines.
According to the latest census, it has a population of 79,941 people in 15,324 households. The density is 1035.75 people per km2.
Camiling is the major north-western municipality in Tarlac. It is one of the richest and future cities of Tarlac
It is also about 150 kilometers north-northwest of Manila
, and about 50 kilometers south-southwest of Dagupan City
. It is the commercial center of an area composed of about 8 towns, and borders the province of Pangasinan. It is the gateway to central and western Pangasinan through the Romulo Highway (formerly Highway 13). It borders San Clemente on the west, Bayambang from the north, Sta. Ignacia and Mayantoc to the south and Paniqui and Moncada by the east.It is also known for its famous chicharon and its native foods particularly iniruban.
Early in the 18th century, the community was sitio of Paniqui, before and after Paniqui was also part of Bayambang, Pangasinan. The town's name is derived from a tree called kamiring which grew abundantly in the wilderness and subsequently changed to Camiling. A crater in Mars was also named after the town as suggested by then U.N. President Carlos P. Romulo.